As her name implies, the White Lady is the ghost of a woman dressed in white. There are many stories about her scattered throughout the Philippines, though the most famous is the one from Balete Drive in Quezon City.
According to urban legend, she was once a teenage girl who either died in a car crash, or was raped and murdered by a taxi driver. Ever since, whenever a taxi would pass by Balete Drive around 12 to 3 AM, she'd flag them down and asked to be taken to a specific place. Once the taxi driver gets there, she'd vanish into thin air — along with, presumably, any courage the taxi driver had left at the time.
Also known as nuno sa punso ("ancestor in the mound"), the duwende lived in places like anthills, termite mounds, trees, large rocks, caves and even shrub-covered backyards. If you disturb them, they'd curse you with extremely painful illnesses, which can be fatal unless treated by an albularyo or traditional healer. To appease them, Filipinos often say "Tabi tabi po" ("Please let me pass") whenever they're anywhere near a suspected duwende dwelling.
See that large, old tree over there? It might be the dwelling of a kapre. The kapre are normally invisible to humans, but those who can see them describe them as tall, dark-skinned beings who perpetually smoke a cigar. They're not really evil, but they do have a tendency to play pranks on those unlucky enough to wander anywhere near them. For example, if you don't want to get lost in a forest where a kapre lives, wear your shirt inside-out. (Who knew a supernatural problem would have such a simple solution?)
The tikbalang is very similar to the kapre. For one, it's a tall, dark humanlike being — except it has a horse's head and legs. It's also invisible to most people, and lives in the forests and mountains. Like its cigar-smoking counterpart, it likes to lead travelers astray, and the only way to defend against it is to wear your shirt inside-out.
According to some accounts, the tikbalang has spines, which can be used as anting-anting ("talisman"). If a person obtains one of these spines, the tikbalang will serve him until the day he dies. Of course, getting these talismans isn't easy, and the creature will put up a fight before it gives up.
If you hear a baby crying in the jungle, do NOT try to look for it. It might be the sound of a tiyanak, or a monster who takes the form of an infant to lure unsuspecting victims to it.
Legends differ on where the tiyanak actually came from. Some say they're the abandoned children of mothers who died while in labor. Others suggest they're the souls of unbaptized or aborted babies, seeking revenge on those who left them to their fate. Considering how many babies are born in the Philippines every year, who knows how many of these unfortunate souls lurk in the shadows, biding their time until they strike?
Compared to the rest of the Philippines, Siquijor Island — located in the Visayas — is a peaceful, crime-free place. There's a rather dark reason for this, though: Anyone who feels wronged in any way can seek the services of a mambabarang or sorcerer.
The mambabarang is characterized by his use of beetles to perform his art. These beetles are carefully kept in a container, and have a regular diet of ginger root. Once the mambabarang has identified a victim, he commands the beetles to enter every orifice in the victim's body, and cause ailments resistant to conventional medical procedures.
If the victim wants to get better before it's too late, s/he should seek help from a mananambal, who's specially trained to deal with mambabarang curses. Of course, it should be noted that the mananambal is also capable of sorcery, so these healers shouldn't be angered either.
Manananggal (Pictured Above)
Of all the monsters on this list, the manananggal (literally "one who removes") is the one who's unmistakably Filipino. Often, the creature is depicted as a beautiful woman by day, and a monster by night. It's hard to differentiate between a manananggal and a normal person when the former is in human form. However, when the creature seeks out its victims at night, it grows bat-like wings, and leaves its lower body behind.
The manananggal feeds on the babies of sleeping, pregnant women, by finding a hole in the roof of the house, snaking its long tongue through it, and using this to suck the fetus/blood out of the victim. To kill a manananggal, the lower body must be found, and sprinkled with salt or garlic to keep the creature from rejoining with it. If the creature can't rejoin with its body before sunrise, it will eventually die.
This list only scratches the surface. You can find more strange, fascinating mythological creatures scattered throughout the 7,107 islands — if you're willing to seek them out. And when you do, remember to stay safe, and have a happy Halloween!